1. Technology
Linux Shortcuts and Commands
Part 5 of the Linux Newbie Administrator Guide
 
 Related Resources
• Linux Newbie Administrator Guide
• 0. Linux Benefit
• 1. Before Installation
• 2. Linux Resources/Help
• 3. Basic Operations FAQ
• 4. Newbie Admin FAQ
• ~ 4.1 Lilo
• ~ 4.2 Drives
• ~ 4.3 X-Windows
• ~ 4.4 Configurations
• ~ 4.5 Networking
5. Shortcuts / Commands
• 6. Linux Applications
• 7. Learn Linux Commands
• A. How to Upgrade Kernel?
 

5.8 Basics of X-windows

xinit &
Start a barebone X-windows server (without a windows manager). The "&" makes the command run in the background.

startx &
Start an X-windows server and the default windows manager. Works like typing "win" under DOS with Win3.1.

startx -- :1 &
Start another X-windows session on the display 1 (the default is opened on display 0). You can have several GUI terminals running concurrently. Switch between them using <Ctrl><Alt><F7>, <Ctrl><Alt><F8>, etc.

xterm
(in X terminal) Run a simple X-windows terminal.  Typing exit will close it.  There are other, more advanced "virtual" terminals for Xwindows. I like the popular ones: konsole and kvt (both come with kde) and gnome-terminal (comes with gnome).  If you need something more fancy-looking, try Eterm. For something plain and fast, I could select rxvt.

startkde
gnome-session
xfce
afterstep
AnotherLevel
fvwm2
fvwm
(in X terminal, 7 different commands, use the one which starts your fav windows manager) Start your favourite windows manager in an X terminal on bare X server.

Next > 5.9 Network apps

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