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Linux / Unix Command: write
Command Library


write - write to a file descriptor  


#include <unistd.h>

ssize_t write(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count);  


write writes up to count bytes to the file referenced by the file descriptor fd from the buffer starting at buf. POSIX requires that a read() which can be proved to occur after a write() has returned returns the new data. Note that not all file systems are POSIX conforming.  


On success, the number of bytes written are returned (zero indicates nothing was written). On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately. If count is zero and the file descriptor refers to a regular file, 0 will be returned without causing any other effect. For a special file, the results are not portable.  


fd is not a valid file descriptor or is not open for writing.
fd is attached to an object which is unsuitable for writing.
buf is outside your accessible address space.
An attempt was made to write a file that exceeds the implementation-defined maximum file size or the process' file size limit, or to write at a position past than the maximum allowed offset.
fd is connected to a pipe or socket whose reading end is closed. When this happens the writing process will also receive a SIGPIPE signal. (Thus, the write return value is seen only if the program catches, blocks or ignores this signal.)
Non-blocking I/O has been selected using O_NONBLOCK and the write would block.
The call was interrupted by a signal before any data was written.
The device containing the file referred to by fd has no room for the data.
A low-level I/O error occurred while modifying the inode.

Other errors may occur, depending on the object connected to fd.  


SVr4, SVID, POSIX, X/OPEN, 4.3BSD. SVr4 documents additional error conditions EDEADLK, ENOLCK, ENOLNK, ENOSR, ENXIO, or ERANGE. Under SVr4 a write may be interrupted and return EINTR at any point, not just before any data is written.  


close(2), fcntl(2), fsync(2), ioctl(2), lseek(2), open(2), read(2), select(2), fwrite(3), writev(3)

Important: Use the man command (% man) to see how a command is used on your particular computer.

>> Linux/Unix Command Library

>> Shell Command Library

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