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Example uses of the command "cd"

A Brief Introduction

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Besides the listing command ls, the "change directory" command "cd" is perhaps the most basic Linux command. It allows you to browse the directory tree. For example, if the current directory has a subdirectory called "documents" and you type at the command line:

cd documents
the current directory changes to the "documents" subdirectory. If you now type:

ls
You will see the files and subdirectories in the "documents" folder. (The terms "folder" and "directory" have the same meaning in this context.)

If you want to go one level up to the parent directory of the current directory, you can can type:


cd ..
The two periods mean "parent directory".

You can also go several directories down or up in one step:


cd documents/receipts
This, will go to the "receipts" directory, which would be a subdirectory in the "documents" directory.

Similarly, you can go two levels up with this command:


cd ../..
Depending on the directory tree, you can move through any path of this tree in one step:

cd ../mp3/country
This will first go one level up, and then two levels down.
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