1. Computing
Linux / Unix Command: mkfs
Command Library

NAME

mkfs - build a Linux file system

SYNOPSIS

mkfs [ -V ] [ -t fstype ] [ fs-options ] filesys [ blocks ]

DESCRIPTION

mkfs is used to build a Linux file system on a device, usually a hard disk partition. filesys is either the device name (e.g. /dev/hda1, /dev/sdb2) or the mount point (e.g. /, /usr, /home) for the file system. blocks is the number of blocks to be used for the file system.

The exit code returned by mkfs is 0 on success and 1 on failure.

In actuality, mkfs is simply a front-end for the various file system builders (mkfs.fstype) available under Linux. The file system-specific builder is searched for in a number of directories like perhaps /sbin, /sbin/fs, /sbin/fs.d, /etc/fs, /etc (the precise list is defined at compile time but at least contains /sbin and /sbin/fs), and finally in the directories listed in the PATH enviroment variable. Please see the file system-specific builder manual pages for further details.

OPTIONS

-V
Produce verbose output, including all file system-specific commands that are executed. Specifying this option more than once inhibits execution of any file system-specific commands. This is really only useful for testing.
-t fstype
Specifies the type of file system to be built. If not specified, the default file system type (currently ext2) is used.
fs-options
File system-specific options to be passed to the real file system builder. Although not guaranteed, the following options are supported by most file system builders.
-c
Check the device for bad blocks before building the file system.
-l filename
Read the bad blocks list from filename
-v
Produce verbose output.

SEE ALSO

fs(5), badblocks(8), fsck(8), mkdosfs(8), mke2fs(8), mkfs.bfs(8), mkfs.ext2(8), mkfs.ext3(8), mkfs.minix(8), mkfs.msdos(8), mkfs.vfat(8), mkfs.xfs(8), (8)


Important: Use the man command (% man) to see how a command is used on your particular computer.

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