= Virtual Network Computing). A very useful application--don't miss it.
VNC is a
cross-platform utility that allows me to display a remote graphical desktop
over a standard network connection. For example, I can use VNC on an MS
Windows PC to display an X-window environment of my mighty Linux server
downstairs, or the other way around. VNC will even run over a 56k modem
networking, but probably only for fun or in emergency (too slow a connection
for normal work).
or RH will have vnc on their distributions CD. The MS Windows version
you have to download yourself. See http://www.uk.research.att.com/vnc/
for download information and more details.
VNC consists of four commands: vncserver, vncviewer, vncpasswd, and vncconnect.
I typically need just two of them: vncserver and vncviewer. A brief
description of the commands follows.
The server that has to be running on the host (remote) computer.
You start the server as the user whose desktop will be displayed (don't
run the server as root or somebody else somebody may kidnap your computer!).
The local application wich connects to the vncserver and displays the
remote environment. You need to know the password and ip address
of the server to connect.
Password selection utility for vncserver. The server won't run without
password (good behaviour). Therefore, if you don't select one, it will
prompt you. Hence, I don't need to explicitly run vncpasswd.
Tells vncserver to connect to a listening VNC viewer on the given computer
and port. This way I can avoid giving anybody a password.
A "master" program that I don't really need to run directly (vncserver
and vncviewer are scripts which call Xvnc).
For a list
of all available options I run:
It is not
recommenced to run the VNC server as root due to potential security issues.
If you need root privileges, login as a user and then execute su
of "typical" sessions follow.
1. Sitting at an MS Window computer, I can display an X environment
from my Linux server, using the following sequence:
DOS terminal and type in the following command]
[log in to your user account on Linux and type in it the following command]
[provide a really good password of your choice when prompted; mine was
[re-enter the same password for confirmation]
[watch the messages and note the screen number on which the server is
started; mine was ":4"]
[From the "Start" menu on the MS Windows computer, select "Programs" -
"Vnc" - "Run VncViewer"
[in the input box that appears, type the server ip address and screen
number as shown on the next line]
[in the input box that appears type the password as follows]
[an X-windows desktop should now appear on top of your MS Windows desktop]
[do your work as you normally would in Xwindows]
[when done, switch to the telnet session window and type in it the following
vncserver - kill :4
2. Sitting at my Linux X desktop, I can display and remotely
control an MS Windows computer screen. Hopefully, nobody else is using
this MS Windows computer at the same time, because I move its mouse pointer.
the MS Windows computer because you probably cannot telnet it]
[From the "Start" menu, select "Programs" - "Vnc" - "Run WinVnc (app mode)"
[From the "System Tray", click the mouse right button on the "Vnc" icon,
and select "Properties"]
[In the dialog box that appears, fill in the password. Leave the screen
number on "auto".]
[Walk back to your Linux desktop]
[Start an X terminal and type in it]
[When prompted, type in the password]
[a MS Windows desktop should now appear on top of your X]
[do your work as you normally would on MS Windows]
[When done, right click on the Vnc icon in the system tray and select
Next > Part
4.4: Basic Configurations (Printer, soundcard...)