Generating a Certificate Signing Request (CSR)
To generate the Certificate Signing Request (CSR), you should create your own key. You can run the following command from a terminal prompt to create the key:
openssl genrsa -des3 -out server.key 1024
Generating RSA private key, 1024 bit long modulus .....................++++++ .................++++++ unable to write 'random state' e is 65537 (0x10001) Enter pass phrase for server.key:
You can now enter your passphrase. For best security, it should at least contain eight characters. The minimum length when specifying -des3 is four characters. It should include numbers and/or punctuation and not be a word in a dictionary. Also remember that your passphrase is case-sensitive.
Re-type the passphrase to verify. Once you have re-typed it correctly, the server key is generated and stored in server.key file.
You can also run your secure web server without a passphrase. This is convenient because you will not need to enter the passphrase every time you start your secure web server. But it is highly insecure and a compromise of the key means a compromise of the server as well.
In any case, you can choose to run your secure web server without a passphrase by leaving out the -des3 switch in the generation phase or by issuing the following command at a terminal prompt:
openssl rsa -in server.key -out server.key.insecure
Once you run the above command, the insecure key will be stored in the server.key.insecure file. You can use this file to generate the CSR without passphrase.
To create the CSR, run the following command at a terminal prompt:
openssl req -new -key server.key -out server.csr
It will prompt you enter the passphrase. If you enter the correct passphrase, it will prompt you to enter Company Name, Site Name, Email Id, etc. Once you enter all these details, your CSR will be created and it will be stored in the server.csr file. You can submit this CSR file to a CA for processing. The CAN will use this CSR file and issue the certificate. On the other hand, you can create self-signed certificate using this CSR.